Types of Strains: Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Cannabis Strains

types of cannabis.

Prior to the clinical legalization of Cannabis, most cannabis users had no idea what strains were. To the typical individual, there were two kinds of cannabis, the modest one, and the great ones. While people may have seen a difference in batches that they would buy, they would essentially go for a product that their friends would have. According to experts, it is difficult to figure the type of a cannabis plant by observing its stature, stretching, or leaf appearance. Only by analyzing the strain composition of a cannabis-derived product, we can know the actual chemical composition of the plant. There are many different types of cannabis strains but at first, What is a strain anyway?.

What is a Cannabis Strain?

Although cannabis is believed to have been originated from Central Asia, however throughout the span of centuries, the plant was found to for all intents and purposes in every continent. Cultivators specifically reared their plants to suit the requirements of their respective communities. Over the ages, varieties inside cultivars started to form in each part of the world where cannabis had flourished. These varieties got known as landrace strains. Cannabis cultivators have reproduced landrace strains to make new strains to either adjust to another climate, change harvest, or smoking experience.

Cannabis strains exist in numerous categories and sub-categories. Cultivators and ranchers have for some time been reproducing various assortments with specific attributes to make crossovers and explicit strains. Every cannabis strain has a different strength of the cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), just as different other compounds. Cultivators develop the plants to have a specific look, taste, and impact on the client and brand them likewise. Numerous cultivators even crossbreed cannabis plants to grow new strains with explicit traits. According to experts, there are over 700 different strains of cannabis.

Indica Strains

Indica is an essential marijuana strain type known to have soothing and relaxing effects. Indica strains are ideal for consumption during the night that requires almost no actual work or social interaction. As far as effects go, Indica strains give a high to your brain and body, making a numb and dull state of mind. The most well-known Indica strains are Purple Kush, Granddaddy Purple, Northern Lights, Critical Kush, MK Ultra, Mango Kush, G13, God’s Gift, Skywalker, LA Confidential, White Rhino, Blueberry, Blackberry Kush, and the Hindu Kush.

The cannabis Indica plant is likewise known for delivering relatively more significant yield, denser buds, and more sharp fragrances. Deriving from the rocky-mountainous areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India, it adjusted to difficult environments and ever-changing climate conditions by becoming quicker, blooming early, and developing thick layers of resin. The plant’s fast-growing nature and strong form make it appropriate for amateur producers and those hoping to grow cannabis indoors.

Medical Benefits of Indica

Medically, Indica plants are famous for treating dozing issues, muscle fits, ongoing agony, nervousness, PTSD, and craving misfortune. The higher CBD substance of numerous Indica strains additionally makes them a preferred choice among numerous clinical marijuana patients, similar to the individuals who have various fibromyalgia, sclerosis, and lupus.

Indica, Sativa and hybrid

Sativa Strains

The primary regions where cannabis Sativa strains are found usually have hot, dry climates with long sunny days. These include countries like Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and western segments of Asia. Sativa plants are tall and meager with finger-like leaves. While not all Sativa marijuana strains will make you feel energized, most shoppers notice that Sativa plants create a “head high,” an elevating and energizing effect on body and mind. Users also frequently report Sativa as being useful in moderating stress or anxiety, and numerous users also appreciate Sativa for its effects to sharpen focus and lift imagination/inspiration. In light of its energizing effect, you can utilize Sativa in the daytime. Three well-known Sativa strains are Panama Red, Acapulco Gold, and Durban Poison.

In terms of characteristics, Cannabis Sativa plants are opposite of the Indica strains and develop tall and dainty with thin leaves. Sativa plants commonly have a lighter shade of green than their partner, the Indica strain. Sativa strains take more time to grow, produce flowers, and require more sunlight. The Sativa plants can become taller than 12 feet, and they take more time to mature than most of the other cannabis plants. Sativa usually has lower dosages of CBD and higher portions of THC.

Medical Benefits of Sativa

Medication derived from cannabis Sativa plants have lower CBD and higher THC counts. As far as specific sicknesses, Sativa strains are usually found to be beneficial for mental issues like depression, PTSD, and anxiety.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains are produced from both Indica-and Sativa-slipped plants. Because of the long history of crossbreeding cannabis strains—a lot of it was verifiably done underground to avoid regulations. Strains that have pure Indica or unadulterated Sativa strains are quite uncommon. Most strains that are marketed as “Indica” or “Sativa” are, truth be told, half breeds, with hereditary qualities acquired from both subspecies.

Crossbreeds are normally developed on homesteads or nurseries from a mix of Sativa and Indica strains. The presence of mixture strains relies upon the mix of the parent plants. Numerous half breed cannabis plants are produced to increase the THC rate; however, each type has a certain proportion of the two cannabinoids. Until now, growers have recorded a total of 779 cannabis strains, most of which are Hybrid strains. As crossbreeding turns out to be more complex, more cultivators are trying to make sub-hybrids by crossbreeding two existing hybrid species. Some of the popular hybrid strains are Train wreck, Pineapple Express, and Blue Dream.

Medicinal Benefits of Hybrid

Hybrid strains are recommended by medical specialists for their distinctive effects. Their effects range from decreasing tension and stress to reducing the side-effects of chemotherapy and radiation. Since crossover weed strains get hereditary qualities from Indica and Sativa, their effects can likewise originate from both Indica and Sativa strains. Usual effects include cheerful, euphoric, inspiring, uplifting, and energetic. But everything relies upon which hybrid strains are used and what impacts its “parent” strains are known to create.

Final Thoughts

Given the availability of cannabis in recent times, individuals need clear, exact information on the effects of different cannabis strains for clinical and recreational purposes. Knowing the composition, physiological and mental effects of certain cannabis plants can help people and clinicians pick the most effective product. Cannabis specialists crossbreed cannabis plants to make new strains that have different levels of THC, CBD, and various other physiologically powerful blends.

However, Cannabis isn’t legal everywhere. A few years ago, all cannabis products were banned in various parts of the United States. Today, various states have approved cannabis for clinical or recreational purposes or both. CBD laws are also progressing. A couple of states allowed it for remedial purposes, yet strict regulations are in place for its source. Before you attempt to purchase or consume cannabis, you should know the laws for your state. It is to be remembered that cannabis is as yet illegal under government law. There’s a high chance that if you don’t have the proper idea about the laws where you live, you could face legal charges for consuming cannabis products.

Stephen Pillman graduated from Stanford University in 2014 with an honors degree in agricultural engineering. His passion for crafting and crossbreeding plants is among the motivations that propelled him to focus on Marijuana strains. Apart from being an enthusiastic breeder, he writes timely content about strains, growing info, crossbreeds, conditions that the strain will do well, and the yields you can expect. Pillman believes that everyone with an interest in marijuana strains has genuine reasons. He argues that neurological situations that may not need medical treatment affect human life, and learning something about strains can be a great way to liberate yourself from such issues. Stephen loves Soccer, and he spends his whole weekend watching football.

Related Posts

Skip to content